نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، صندوق پستی: 5166616422، تبریز ـ ایران

2 پژوهشکده‌ی کشاورزی هسته‌ای، پژوهشگاه علوم و فنون هسته‌ای، سازمان انرژی اتمی، صندوق پستی: 1498-31485، کرج- ایران

3 مرکز تحقیقات سلامت و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، صندوق پستی: 5165665931، تبریز ـ ایران

4 پژوهشکده‌ی گیاهان و مواد اولیه دارویی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، صندوق پستی: 1483963113، تهران ـ ایران

چکیده

اثر لجن فاضلاب در سطوح صفر، 15، 30 و 60 گرم بر کیلوگرم خاک که در معرض پرتو گاما با دزهای صفر، 5، 10 و kGy 20 قرار گرفته بودند، بر جذب عناصر غذایی پرمصرف و سدیم در ریشه و شاخساره گیاه ریحان بررسی شد. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد لجن فاضلاب پرتوتابی شده و نشده در سطوح 15 و 30 گرم بر کیلوگرم خاک سبب افزایش جذب فسفر، پتاسیم، کلسیم، منیزیم و سدیم ریشه و شاخساره و نیتروژن شاخساره گردید. کاربرد 60 گرم بر کیلوگرم لجن فاضلاب پرتوتابی شده و نشده با دزهای پرتوتابی مورد استفاده در این پژوهش بر جذب فسفر، پتاسیم، منیزیم و سدیم شاخساره و ریشه، نیتروژن شاخساره و کلسیم ریشه تأثیر معناداری نداشت اما باعث کاهش معنادار جذب کلسیم شاخساره نسبت به شاهد گردید. بیش­ترین جذب فسفر، پتاسیم، کلسیم و منیزیم شاخساره و ریشه و نیتروژن شاخساره از کاربرد 30 گرم بر کیلوگرم لجن فاضلاب پرتوتابی شده با دز kGy 20 حاصل گردید. بیش­ترین جذب سدیم ریشه و شاخساره نیز از کاربرد 30 گرم بر کیلوگرم لجن فاضلاب پرتوتابی شده با kGy 10 مشاهده شد. با به کارگیری لجن پرتوتابی شده نسبت به پرتوتابی نشده در هر سطح، مقدار جذب تمام عناصر مورد مطالعه در ریشه و شاخساره افزایش یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of sewage sludge irradiation on uptake of macronutrients and sodium in basil plant under greenhouse conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • B. Asgari Lajayer 1
  • N. Najafi 1
  • E. Moghiseh 2
  • M. Mosaferi 3
  • J. Hadian 4

1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, P.O.Box: 5166616422, Tabriz– Iran

2 Nuclear Agriculture Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI, P.O.Box: 31465-1498, Karaj - Iran

3 Health and Environment Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, P.O.Box: 5165665931, Tabriz – Iran

4 Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, P.O.Box: 1483963113, Tehran - Iran

چکیده [English]

Effects of 0, 15, 30 and 60 g per kg of sewage sludge exposed to gamma irradiation at doses of 0, 5, 10 and 20 kGy were investigated on macronutrients and sodium uptakes in the basil root and shoot. The results showed that using 15 and 30 g sewage sludge per kg soil increases the uptake of phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sodium in the root and shoot, as well as the nitrogen of the shoot. The application of 60 g irradiated and non-irradiated sewage sludge with the irradiation doses used in this study per kg of soil did not cause significant effects on phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and sodium absorption in the shoot and root, nitrogen in the shoot, and calcium in the root. However, it significantly decreased the calcium absorption of shoots. The maximum uptake of phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the root and shoot and nitrogen in the shoot was obtained in 30 g per kg sewage sludge irradiated with 20 kGy absorbed dose. The maximum uptake of sodium was revealed in 30 g per kg sewage sludge irradiated with 10 kGy absorbed dose. With application of irradiated sewage sludge relative to non-irradiated in each level, the absorption of all studied elements increased in the basil root and shoot.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organic wastes
  • Ionizing Radiation
  • Macronutrients
  • Medicinal plants

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