In cooperation with the Iranian Nuclear Society

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Nuclear Energy Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Faculty of Energy and Physics Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology

Abstract

Nowadays, due to the need of all countries to provide sustainable energy, nuclear energy plays a significant role in the energy portfolio of developed countries as well as developing countries. For this reason, it is very important to choose the appropriate nuclear fuel cycles for the optimal use of nuclear energy and drawing the road map of the country's nuclear industry. ; which itself is a function of several parameters (the level of nuclear knowledge, sources and reserves of nuclear materials and economic factors, etc. They are factors that play a significant role in determining the appropriate cycle). In this research, four main scenarios have been proposed by comparing the types of uranium, plutonium, and thorium fuel cycles, as well as by examining the nuclear material capacity, and suitable and cautious fuel cycles have been introduced for each required nuclear fuel scenario and the amount of consumption. Among the proposed scenarios, the scenario of "accessing sufficient uranium resources and opening up the enrichment and reprocessing" was introduced as the most likely scenario and based on the proposed axes, the most suitable closed uranium fuel cycles, with a fast sodium reactor and uranium, TRU and FP fuel cycle” were selected" with a minimum of 2320 and a maximum of 5296 GW of energy production and total costs of approximately $117 million per GW of energy.

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Main Subjects